Commensal (domestic) rodents have a home in close association with humans. These commensal rodents are nocturnal and also have a tendency to go indoors to warmer areas during late fall or early winter and get back to the exterior in late spring or early summer, or remain indoors if food and suitable harborage are available. Commensal rodents generally have poor sense of vision, nonetheless they have acute sense of smell, touch, and taste. They tend to gnaw through any material that’s softer than their enamel, and they’re generally great climbers, jumpers, swimmers and burrowers. There are three species of domestic rodents:
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STEPS TO RODENT CONTROL
Roof rat survival depends upon the existence of 3 basic environmental factors: (1) Food, (2) Water, and (3) Harborage.
The first step 1: Eliminate Food and water
- Remove all potential sources of food from the premises, such as bird seed overlooked for birds.
- Routinely harvest ripe fruit and grab all fruit which includes fallen to underneath.
- Store pet food in metal containers with tight sealing lids and do not leave uneaten pet food outdoors.
- Avoid storing food in garages and garden storage sheds unless it truly is in rat-proof covered metal containers.
- Control snails and tidy up pet feces because they’re favored foods.
- Maintain trash cans closed at all time with tightly fitted lids.
- Repair leaking eliminate any other faucets, sprinklers, or other piping. Maintain drain covers tightly fastened and unnecessary standing water.
Second step 2: Destroy Rats
- Rats should be snap trapped if they are in the residence or building. Place traps near nesting areas or where rats will most likely hide. Will not place traps where children or pets will disturb or become harmed by them. Remember, snap traps have grown to be DANGEROUS!
- Poisoning with baits indoors isn’t recommended wish rat may die in the structure and produce an odor and fly problem. Poison baits can be employed when following recommended guidelines.
- Remove dead rats by placing animals in tightly sealed containers for proper disposal.
- Clean and disinfect the affected areas.
Third step 3: Eliminate Shelter & Harborage
- Close all openings bigger than ¼ inch to exclude rats and mice.
- Repair or replace damaged vent screens.
- Remove all trash and debris.
- Stack woodpiles, lumber and household items at least 18 inches above underneath, and 12 inches from fences and walls.
- Trim trees, bushes and vines at least 4 feet from the roof.
- Remove heavy vegetation from buildings and fences.
- Thin vegetation allowing daylight in and remove rat hiding places.
Step 4: Maintain a Rat Free Property
After rats have been reduced, prevent reinfestation by keeping harborage and food sources to minimum.